Monday, 10 December 2012

EXPLANATION of VERB TO BE

Verb TO BE


 FORMSUBJECTBE VERBContractionEXAMPLE
affirmative
sentences
( + )
1st person IamI'mI'm here.
2nd person youareyou'reYou're busy.
3rd person heishe'sHe's a friend.
3rd person sheisshe'sShe's a doctor.
3rd person itisit'sIt's cold today.
1st person pl. wearewe'reWe're hungry.
2nd person pl. youareyou'reYou're beautiful.
3rd person pl. theyarethey'reThey're asleep.

 SUBJECTBE VERBContractionEXAMPLE
negative
sentences
( - )
Iam notI'm notI'm not thirsty.
youare notyou aren't 
you're not
You aren't here. 
You're not a cat!
heis nothe isn't 
he's not
He isn't there. 
He's not at home.
sheis notshe isn't 
she's not
She isn't a mother. 
She's not an actress.
itis notit isn't 
it's not
It isn't warm today. 
It's not too hot today.
weare notwe aren't 
we're not
We aren't asleep. 
We're not sleepy.
youare notyou aren't 
you're not
You aren't tired.
You're not at work.
theyare notthey aren't 
they're not
They aren't here.
They're not at work.
 
 
BE VERB  &  SUBJECT
(+) Short Answer(-) Short Answer
questions
( ? )
Am I correct?
 Yes, I am.No, I'm not.
Are you tired?
Yes, you are.No, you aren't.
No, you're not.
 Is he asleep? Yes, he is.No, he isn't. 
No, he's not.
Is she here?Yes, she is.No, she isn't. 
No, she's not.
Is it warm?Yes, it is.No, it isn't. 
No, it's not.
Are we students?Yes, we are.No, we aren't. 
No, we're not.
Are you thirsty?Yes, you are.No, you aren't. 
No, you're not.
Are they here?Yes, they are.No, they aren't. 
No, they're not.
Long form

Short form

Example

Negation

Question

I am

I'm

I am late.

I am not late.

Am I late?

You are

You're

You are clever.

You are not (aren't) clever.

Are you clever?

He is

He's

He is happy.

He is not (isn't) happy.

Is he happy?

She is

She's

She is hungry.

She is not (isn't) hungry.

Is she hungry?

It is

It's

It is cold.

It is not (isn't) cold.

Is it cold?
 

We are

We're

We are late.

We are not (aren't) late.

Are we late?

You are

You're

You are sleepy.

You are not (aren't) sleepy.

Are you sleepy?

They are

They're

They are great.

They are not (aren't) great.

Are they great?
 

WH- question word + BE?

Where is Tom? He's at home

What's her name? Maria

How old are they? They are ten.


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